This session is designed for participants to try out Mahara,
to get an overview about e-portfolio software and start thinking
about planning and implementing ePortfolio in their own institution.
Having completed this session, you will be able to:
the reasons for ePortfolio development within the context
(individual, group and institution)
- understand complex dependencies
between the elements of ePortfolio implementation process
at individual, group and institutional level
- create a strategic
plan for ePortfolio system within the institution
- plan implementation
of ePortfolio at individual, group and institutional level
terms of tools exploitation you will be able to:
examples of ePortfolio tools
- use an ePortfolio system solution
exampled by Mahara
- basic knowledge e-portfolio
- an identified target group or
An overview of the tools
Lorenzo and Ittelson distinguish between the
following four approaches to develop ePortfolio systems within institution
(read more in Lorenzo
and Ittelson Educause )
- "Do it yourself": customised and internally developed
- Open Source systems publicly availiable at no charge
tools purchased from a vendor, with licensing and support fees
tools, not designed specifically for ePortoflios but supporting more
creativity (html editors)
G. Siemens analysed the following stages of eportfolio
development organizationally (see G.Siemens Electronic
portfolios - what are they? )
- Level 1 may include simple websites and incorporate blogs or wikis.
Limited navigation of content is included.
- Level 2 consists of dynamic
web pages. Navigation and search features are available. Portfolio
owners can also create different sections
of the site
to allow access
for different reasons.
- Level 3 requires institutional support of eportfolios,
including instruction on actual use. The institution may also host
the software to allow learners
to build their portfolios.
- Level 4 requires the institution integrates portfolio
use and development into the process of instruction and assessment.
5 requires the institution adheres to standards, permits interoperability
of the portfolio with other institutions.
Examples for E-Portfolio
There is a wide range of tools which can be used for creating
ePortfolio. You can e.g see different examples of personal ePortfolio created
Barrett ( 1 ) who created her ePortfolio with a variety of software, from
spreadsheets to commercial system. You can also have a look at dedicated
there Elgg ( 2 ) and Mahara ( 3 )
Moodle with a module for portfolio
The German ministry of education
made an application for an additional module for the moodle-platform “EXABIS”,
which provides every learner with an individual portfolio block. This
block is independent from the courses
enables learners to reflect their steps of learning, record individual documents
of their history of learning and to categorize them as well as the communication
between the teachers.
ELGG with presentation module
The ELGG software – Learning Landscapes
has established itself in the open source and social software community
as a tool for social
networking. The focus of this software is on “social tagging”, “community
building” and “reflection”. The presentation module
enables now a community-oriented e-portfolio system. (see Mandy Schiefner's
Established in 2006, Mahara is the result of a collaborative venture
funded by New Zealand's Tertiary Education Commission's e-learning
Collaborative Development Fund (eCDF) … Mahara is a fully featured
open source electronic portfolio, weblog, resume builder and social
networking system, connecting users and creating online communities.
Mahara is designed to provide users with the tools to demonstrate their
life-long learning, skills and development over time to selected audiences.“ (see
Mahara Homepage )
KEEP-Toolkit (Knowledge Exchange Exhibition and Presentation
The KEEP-toolkit is based on the belief, that “snapshots”,
that means objects of information can be collected in a structured
way and can be extracted in different relations as presentation. The
Toolkit is working essentially with “templates”, which
provides the user with guiding questions referring to every kind of
summary, individual goals, individual reflection, external references
and the data itself.
Just try it out!
Set up your own e-portfolio! Complete the following three
tasks with Mahara, e.g. with the help of our video tutorials:
up your own account
- Create a personal profile page
- Write a blog entry summing
up in few sentences what you have gained from this workshop
at your Profile and revise it, if necessary.
There is a bunch of literature which can help you
make a choice of a tool, e.g. in our MOSEP
study. Also, there are
also on-line tools
availiable to examine the features of a selected
tools Edu tools.
There are several issues which must be considered when institution
or an individual wants to select an appropriate tool (see Ali
Jafari Educause Review ).
- Standards: As portability is a key issue of
ePortfolios learners must be able to transport their ePortfolios
from one institution
- Ease of use: Software must offer simple and attractive
interface so that only short training is required for both learners
teachers. It is especially
when dealing with young learners who have high expectation for user-friendly
software. The solution must also enable simple file and artefacts transfer.
It is very unlikely that users support a confusing and inconsistent application.
Is also worth considering, especially with the view to further
development of ePortfolio systems. A tool selected must be
- Interoperability: It must also interoperate with existing
learning management tools already used within and institution.
If there is a
variety of technological
solutions developed by different vendors it must be assured that
the data integration is possible. See also Interoperability use cases
Design the perfect ePortfolio tool in a group work for your
organizational purposes! This task is to come up with an idea
of what functionalities should a good ePortfolio tool have.
Imagine that you are trying to implement an ePortfolio in your
practice but you do not have any software which seems appropriate.
If you were to design one, what functionalities would you want
it to have? What would be necessary in order to fulfill the
goals and functions you were discussing during earlier sessions
and activities? Remember that ePortfolio does not have to be
(and even cannot) created with one single tool so that you
can use combination of the several. Write down your impressions
(blog entry). Now go back to Mahara system.
Which of the functionalities
you marked necessary are availiable here? Which features
Mahara lacks? Have you found anything
that you had not written down bu what seems interesting to
you? Update your blog entry. Discuss with group.
ePortfolio Strategies - macrodidactical considerations
When you consider
implementing Portfolio within your institution you will have to make
decisions on several levels. From administrative
to strategic, from personal to technical, as with any innovation
ePortfolio implementation requires consideration of different aspects.
It is very important to see ePortfolio as a part of a broader landscape
: in the local/ regional/national context, in the life-long learning
perspective, tightly linked with a vocational education and labour
market. There are also some particular issues which needs consideration:
* ePortfolio and teaching methods, strategies and goals in your
* availiable resources, both human and material (in terms of
skills and numbers)
* strategic development plan of your institution
HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE
* interoperability and integration with other software systems
(CMSs, databases and the like)
* servers performance and data back-ups
* technologies which support portable portfolio
SUPPORT AND SCALABILITY
* system which is suitable for a growing number of users
* staff to support and maintain the system and the users
* infrastructure to train users and administrators
* maintanance over time
SECURITY AND PRIVACY
* securing personal data
* storing and securing assesments
OWNERSHIP AND IPR
* authentication of work
* owner of the artifacts and records (author, institution,
* what can be included in ePortfolio
Based on Lorenzo
and Ittelson Educause
As ePortfolios has been already introduced
all around schools, especially in USA, Canada and some European
well, you may also want to have
a look at Case Studies Overview or to explore different case studies
into more details Case Studies
Now we would like you to reflect on the possibilities of introducing
ePortfolio on an individual level: Make a SWOT analysis of
implementing ePortfolio on your individual level SWOT .
- Which stage of the ePortfolio development
- Why would you need ePortfolio?
- Would ePortfolio be a part
of your personal development?
- What resources (personal,
financial, technical)do you already have and what investment
- What skills/competencies do you have? What
further training may you need? What support will you have?
is your motivation to use ePortfolio?
You have already considered your target group and how you
want to use ePortfolio in your everyday practice. Now we would
like you to reflect on the possibilities of introducing ePortfolio
on an institutional level: Make a SWOT analysis of implementing
ePortfolio in your school.
Things to consider
- Which stage of the ePortfolio and IT development
is your school at?
- Why would you institution introduce
- Would ePortfolio be a part of a curriculum?
- What resources
(human, financial, technical) have your school got already
and what investment is feasible?
- What skills/competencies
do the teachers have? What further training may be needed?
What support will
- What is the motivation of learners and teachers
to use ePortfolio?
Write a blog entry on the most important things
to keep in mind when introducing ePortfolio.